Select Page Child Labour Essay Child labour is the act of employing and engaging children in the economic activities like in the exploitative industry, illegal business, etc on part-time or full-time basis. Long and Short Essay on Child Labour in English Child labour is a big social issue in our country as well as abroad which everyone must be aware of. Let your kids and children know what is child labour, its causes and what prevention measures are. These child labour essay are written in very simple words especially for the use of children and students going to school.
Census of England and Wales 21st century Incidence rates for child labour worldwide in age group, inper World Bank data. The colour code is as follows: Some nations such as Guinea-BissauMali and Ethiopia have more than half of all children aged 5—14 at work to help provide for their families.
Estimates for child labour vary. It ranges between and million, if children aged 5—17 involved in any economic activity are counted.
If light occasional work is excluded, ILO estimates there were million child labourers aged 5—14 worldwide in This is about 20 million less than ILO estimate for child labourers in Some 60 percent of the child labour was involved in agricultural activities such as farming, dairy, fisheries and forestry.
Another 25 percent of child labourers were in service activities such as retail, hawking goods, restaurants, load and transfer of goods, storage, picking and recycling trash, polishing shoes, domestic help, and other services. The remaining 15 percent laboured in assembly and manufacturing in informal economy, home-based enterprises, factories, mines, packaging salt, operating machinery, and such operations.
Some children work as guides for tourists, sometimes combined with bringing in business for shops and restaurants.
Contrary to popular beliefs, most child labourers are employed by their parents rather than in manufacturing or formal economy. Children who work for pay or in-kind compensation are usually found in rural settings, then urban centres. Less than 3 percent of child labour aged 5—14 across the world work outside their household, or away from their parents.
Africa has the highest percentage of children aged 5—17 employed as child labour, and a total of over 65 million. Asia, with its larger population, has the largest number of children employed as child labour at about million. Latin America and Caribbean region have lower overall population density, but at 14 million child labourers has high incidence rates too.
Accurate present day child labour information is difficult to obtain because of disagreements between data sources as to what constitutes child labour.
In some countries, government policy contributes to this difficulty. Department of Labor issued a List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor where China was attributed 12 goods the majority of which were produced by both underage children and indentured labourers. Maplecroft Child Labour Index survey  reports 76 countries pose extreme child labour complicity risks for companies operating worldwide.
The ten highest risk countries inranked in decreasing order, were: Of the major growth economies, Maplecroft ranked Philippines 25th riskiest, India 27th, China 36th, Viet Nam 37th, Indonesia 46th, and Brazil 54th - all of them rated to involve extreme risks of child labour uncertainties, to corporations seeking to invest in developing world and import products from emerging markets.
Causes of child labour Primary causes International Labour Organisation ILO suggests poverty is the greatest single cause behind child labour. Other scholars such as Harsch on African child labour, and Edmonds and Pavcnik on global child labour have reached the same conclusion.
Children work because they have nothing better to do. Even when schools are sometimes available, they are too far away, difficult to reach, unaffordable or the quality of education is so poor that parents wonder if going to school is really worth it.
Cultural causes In European history when child labour was common, as well as in contemporary child labour of modern world, certain cultural beliefs have rationalised child labour and thereby encouraged it. Some view that work is good for the character-building and skill development of children.
Similarly, in many cultures the education of girls is less valued or girls are simply not expected to need formal schooling, and these girls pushed into child labour such as providing domestic services.
Macroeconomic causes Biggeri and Mehrotra have studied the macroeconomic factors that encourage child labour.
They suggest  that child labour is a serious problem in all five, but it is not a new problem. Macroeconomic causes encouraged widespread child labour across the world, over most of human history. They suggest that the causes for child labour include both the demand and the supply side.
While poverty and unavailability of good schools explain the child labour supply side, they suggest that the growth of low-paying informal economy rather than higher paying formal economy is amongst the causes of the demand side.
Other scholars too suggest that inflexible labour market, sise of informal economy, inability of industries to scale up and lack of modern manufacturing technologies are major macroeconomic factors affecting demand and acceptability of child labour.
Short Essay on Child Labor. Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles, The law in Indian soil says that any child below age of 14 cannot be employed either in a factory or office or restaurant. Children work to earn and support their family with increases income. Recent Exam Question in IELTS Writing Task 2 – Essay (Children’s Responsibility to Grandparents) (3 votes) Writing Recent Actual Tests. One of the major reasons is that parents are so much equipped with their daily work, being employed in companies, that . Africa has the highest percentage of children aged 5–17 employed as child labour, and a total of over 65 million. Asia, with its larger population, has the largest number of children employed as child labour at about million. Latin America and Caribbean region have lower overall population density, but at 14 million child labourers has.
Colonial empires Systematic use of child labour was common place in the colonies of European powers between and In Africa, colonial administrators encouraged traditional kin-ordered modes of production, that is hiring a household for work not just the adults.
Millions of children worked in colonial agricultural plantations, mines and domestic service industries. Britain for example passed a law, the so-called Masters and Servants Act offollowed by Tax and Pass Law, to encourage child labour in colonies particularly in Africa.
One of these taxes was the Head Tax in the British and French colonial empires. The tax was imposed on everyone older than 8 years, in some colonies.
To pay these taxes and cover living expenses, children in colonial households had to work.Short Essay on Child Labor. Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles, The law in Indian soil says that any child below age of 14 cannot be employed either in a factory or office or restaurant.
Children work to earn and support their family with increases income. Africa has the highest percentage of children aged 5–17 employed as child labour, and a total of over 65 million.
Asia, with its larger population, has the largest number of children employed as child labour at about million. Latin America and Caribbean region have lower overall population density, but at 14 million child labourers has.
Social care working with children and families Level 4 Final exam 1.
In your own words summarise the major learning points from the whole of the programme with particular reference to: * Principles of social work with children and families * The process of social work with children and families * Working with adults in the family * Immediate protection of the child * Working with the family.
Child labor is the employment of children who are under the legal minimum age. UNICEF defines child labor to be seen as happening along continuum, with exploitation on one end and the development of a strong work ethic on the other side (Stackhouse). The Effects of the Boarding Schools of Native American Children Essay - Communication is crucial in any relationship, whether it is a personal or impersonal exchange.
Effects on Children When Both Parents are Employed Essay. Socio-economic conditions in North America have contributed to the need for dual incomes for families - Effects on Children When Both Parents are Employed Essay introduction.
Economically, “the number of two parent families below the poverty line would increase to an estimated 78% if they were to become single income families.