A number of groups, owing allegiance to some political ideology or some particular religious beliefs, have chosen the path of violence and terror to achieve their objects.
Executive branch[ edit ] The president of Pakistan, in keeping with the constitutional provision that the state religion is Islam, must be a Muslim. Elected for a five-year term by an Electoral College consisting of members of the Senate and National Assembly and members of the provincial assemblies, the president is eligible for re-election.
But no individual may hold the office for more than two consecutive terms. The president may resign or be impeached and may be removed from office due to incapacity or gross misconduct by a two-thirds vote of the members of the parliament.
The president generally acts on the advice of the prime minister but has important residual powers. One of the most important of these powers—a legacy of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq —is the president's power to dissolve the National Assembly "in his discretion where, in has arisen in which the Government of the Federation cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and an appeal to the electorate is necessary.
Despite this most recent power-stripping, the President remains the ex officio chair of the National Security Councilas per the National Security Act The prime minister is appointed by the members of the National Assembly through a vote.
The prime minister is assisted by the Federal Cabinet, a council of ministers whose members are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister. The Federal Cabinet comprises the ministers, ministers of state, and advisers.
As of earlythere were thirty-three ministerial portfolios: Legislative branch[ edit ] The bicameral federal legislature consists of the Senate upper house and National Assembly lower house.
Pakistan's democracy has no recall method.
However, past governments have been dismissed for corruption by the President's invocation of Article 58 of the Constitution. The President's power to dismiss the Prime Minister and dissolve the National Assembly was removed by the Thirteenth Amendment and partially restored by the Seventeenth Amendment.
Senate[ edit ] The Senate is a permanent legislative body with equal representation from each of the four provinces, elected by the members of their respective provincial assemblies. The chairman of the Senate, under the constitution, is next in line to act as president should the office become vacant and until such time as a new president can be formally elected.
Both the Senate and the National Assembly can initiate and pass legislation except for finance bills. Only the National Assembly can approve the federal budget and all finance bills.
In the case of other bills, the president may prevent passage unless the legislature in joint sitting overrules the president by a majority of members of both houses present and voting.
Unlike the National Assembly, the Senate cannot be dissolved by the President.
National Assembly[ edit ] National Assembly of Pakistan Members of the National Assembly are elected by universal adult suffrage formerly twenty-one years of age and older but the seventeenth amendment changed it to eighteen years of age. Seats are allocated to each of the four provinces, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, and Islamabad Capital Territory on the basis of population.
National Assembly members serve for the parliamentary term, which is five years, unless they die or resign sooner, or unless the National Assembly is dissolved. Although the vast majority of the members are Muslim, about 5 percent of the seats are reserved for minorities, including Christians, Hindus, and Sikhs.
Elections for minority seats are held on the basis of separate electorates at the same time as the polls for Muslim seats during the general elections. Member 3 Now withstanding anything contained in clause 1 or clause 2the President shall appoint the most senior Judge of the Supreme Court as the Chief Justice of Pakistan.
The chief justice and judges of the Supreme Court may remain in office until age sixty-five: It consists of 8 Muslim judges appointed by the President of Pakistan after consulting the Chief Justice of this Court, from amongst the serving or retired judges of the Supreme Court or a High Court or from amongst persons possessing the qualifications of judges of a High Court.
Of the 8 judges, 3 are required to be Ulema who are well versed in Islamic law. The judges hold office for a period of 3 years, which may eventually be extended by the President. If any part of the law is declared to be against Islamic law, the government is required to take necessary steps to amend such law appropriately.
The court also exercises revisional jurisdiction over the criminal courts, deciding Hudood cases. The decisions of the court are binding on the High Courts as well as subordinate judiciary. The court appoints its own staff and frames its own rules of procedure.Dec 15, · If I were president, two of my main focuses would be reducing job cuts and going ‘Green’.
My first plan of action would be to reduce gas prices by not importing oil; I would drill it here in. The Post-Dispatch and caninariojana.com, along with Lindenwood University, asked high school students in the region to write an essay on what they would change if they were president.
Fifteen finalists were chosen from the essays entered in the contest, and the public was invited to vote for the top essay. Essay on “If I were the President” ( Words) Article shared by Many of us have some aspirations and wishes for our country that we desire to fulfill and some changes to bring about, but we feel that we have little say in getting those things done.
Short essay on If I Were the Prime Minister. India is a democratic country. The Prime Minister is a key figure in a democratic set up. The power concentrates in his hands.
He runs the governance of the country. Though constitutionally, the President is the head of the country, yet the Prime Minister. People gather to watch US President Barack Obama's sworn in as the 44th US president by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts in front of the US Capitol in Washington, DC on January 20, Alternative Names While the official name of the nation is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, generally the country has been referred to as Pakistan since