Posted on May 5, by J. The essay covers many other important points that tend to get ignored in the techno-optimistic or pessimistic?
The following Essay belongs to me: The Strong AI Thesis With the escalation of modern technology, we have come to a point where digital computers have become exceptionally powerful and complex.
We have even begun to develop technology that could be considered artificial intelligence or "AI". There are hyopthetically two different kinds of AI, The Weak AIThat which may only be considered to be simulating a mind, and the "Strong AI", that which may be considered to actually be a mind.
The development of this technology has sparked a discussion on the possibilities of what these kinds of AI are capable of, and whether or not they can truly be considered "minds. This essay will discuss the differences in opinions relating to this subject. Alan Turing developed a test called the Turing Test, a Strong artificial intelligence essay which may be used to determine whether or not a computer can be truly be considered a "Strong AI; This test involves communication between a computer and a person, with a panel of judges overlooking the conversation and determining whether or not a computer or human being is involved.
There is a man named John Searle who has deep doubts as to whether a computer is even capable of passing this test.
Searle has devised an arguement known as "The Chinese Room" thought experiment, which challenges the very idea that a computer may be capable of truly being a mind. The manner in which this computer develops a solution or response cannot be considered a "Strong AI" because it does not comprehend an actual question or problem in the same way a human mind does, but instead uses a type of "Search Engine" to determine an apropriate response to the presented problem.
John Searle does not accept the idea that the Turing test is an acceptable model for determining whether a computer can truly have a mind, for two reasons; A group of judges, being part of the test, can be subject to personal bias, and even if they are able to judge a digital computer as having a mind, their decision is irrelevent because of the fact that the computer is still only simulating thought via programmed protocols and cannot by definition actually generate what may be considered a "thought" in and of itself.
I believe that Searle has a reasonable argument, but I find it to be rather flimsy in that it is determined entirely by our current understanding of computer sciences and technology. It very well may happen in the future that a digital computer is developed which may very well be considered to have its own "mind.
The concept has been presented that a "Strong AI" may be developed that does not violate the "Chinese Room" thought experiment, this AI would be developed using a method of replication of the human brain, using a computer.
This is of course still strictly conceptual, but if it is possible for us to develop a technology that processes information in the same way as a human brain, we may be equally capable of developing a technology that is capable of replicating the way that brain may respond to such information.
So for now, we may say that "Strong AI" is not possible to exist, though this is entirely dependant on our current technological limitations and is extremely subject to change in the future. What do you think about the possibilities of AI programs passing these tests?I guess it depends on the point of view) discourse about artificial intelligences, and I heartily suggest you read the whole essay.
However, there seems to be one further piece of evidence suggesting that strong general-purpose artificial (machine) intelligence may be extremely difficult if not impossible to construct.
Strong artificial intelligence research paper; 25 Nov 0. Strong artificial intelligence research paper. Posted on noviembre 25, Essay about cinema paradiso movie 5 paragraph essay on the causes of the american revolution university essay writing services horseshoe gang same day fv dissertation justification for capital punishment essay.
- Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is a broad topic, consisting of different fields, from machine vision to expert systems. Nowadays with the use of high level techniques, computers have been programmed to solve many difficult problems, but the products that are available today are only a sample of what is coming in the future.
Why Did AI Research Drift From Strong To Weak AI? Posted by Julia Bobak | Sep 11, The field of artificial intelligence was founded in the s on a platform of ambition and optimism. John Searle’s Argument on Strong Artificial Intelligence John Searle in his paper “Minds, Brain and Programs” presented the strong critics of the strong intelligence.
Philosophically, intellectually—in every way—human society is unprepared for the rise of artificial intelligence.