Human immunodeficiency virus HIV attacks the immune system, leaving its host much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. If the virus is left untreated, the susceptibility to infection worsens. HIV can be found in semen, blood, breast milk, and vaginal and rectal fluids.
The diseases spread through food, bodily fluids, or airborne contact.
The infectious disease that will be described is tuberculosis, which is an airborne communicable disease. The environmental factors related to the disease will be explained.
The influence of lifestyles, socioeconomic status, and disease management will be detailed. The identification of gaps and ways to link resources to meet the needs, as well as recommendations to expand community gaps will be explained.
A description of what role the public health department has in reducing the threat of tuberculosis. Data findings, interventions and plans for disease will be detailed. The communicable disease that will be described is tuberculosis, which is an airborne infectious disease.
Tuberculosis is spread from person to person through the air World Health Organization, The tuberculosis disease is spread when someone with the disease coughs, sneezes or speaks.
The bacterium that causes the tuberculosis disease is called Mycobacterium tuberculosis Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, The bacterium typical attacks the lungs, but it can also attack other various organs such as the brain, spine, or kidneys.
There are two types of tuberculosis one type is latent tuberculosis, and the other type is an active disease. Latent tuberculosis is the tuberculosis infection in an inactive state; the infection causes no symptoms Mayo Clinic Staff, Active tuberculosis is the type of disease that causes illness and is highly contagious, and the illness can happen within the first weeks of contracting the infection, or it can take years Mayo Clinic Staff, Communicable Disease Paper 3 The environmental factors related to tuberculosis will be explained.
Tuberculosis has been linked to tobacco smoke, air pollution, excessive alcohol use, and malnutrition. Working in the health care field increases the exposure to the disease. Working in immigration centers, long- term care facilities, and prisons increase the exposure to tuberculosis due to inadequate ventilation and overcrowding Mayo Clinic Staff, Living in or traveling to individual countries increase the risk for exposure to tuberculosis, those countries include; Sub-Saharan Africa, Russia, Pakistan, China, and India Mayo Clinic Staff, Tuberculosis is commonly a disease of the poor and those with low socioeconomic status.
Individuals that live in poorly developed countries or those that live in urban areas have a higher incidence of tuberculosis due to overcrowding living conditions contribute to the spread of the disease. The individuals that have low access to health care, those that are unemployed, have little education, and lower income, have a higher incidence of tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis is a treatable disease. Isolation from the public is essential to prevent the spread of tuberculosis. Short term chemotherapy is also a treatment option for the disease. For drug-resistant tuberculosis close monitoring and care are required, the drug regimen should be adjusted according to drug resistance testing.
Once the resistant drug is identified, the regimen should be adjusted accordingly. Communicable Disease Paper 4 The identification of gaps and ways to link resources to meet the needs, as well as recommendations to expand community gaps will be explained.
There are some gaps in tuberculosis treatment, knowledge, and cost.
Treatment for tuberculosis requires an extensive drug therapy that requires a strict schedule for a successful treatment the patient must complete the treatment as prescribed. To bridge the gap in treatment, the doctors must educate the patient about the importance of the drug regimen and gather and offer resources such s support groups to assist the patient.
Even though tuberculosis is not a new disease, it is not widely known or understood by the public. To help the gap in knowledge, it is important to educate the public of the risk factors, signs and symptoms, and treatment options or the disease, as well as the importance of preventive care.
To fill this gap and assist those that need treatment, the government, and private agencies need to campaign and look for funding or the disease. The public health department helps to reduce tuberculosis by spreading awareness about the disease and educating the public about the facts.
|Physiological differences||CDC Sexually transmitted diseases STDs are infections transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person through sexual contact.|
|Judicial Approval||It arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or inanimate reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment. Control of disease is the reduction of disease incidence, prevalence, morbidity, or mortality to a locally acceptable level as a result of deliberate efforts; continued intervention measures are required to maintain the reduction.|
Providing the public with education and prevention and treatment options helps prevent the disease. Keeping track of incidence and Communicable Disease Paper 5 alerting the public of possible cases is another way public health helps reduce the threat o tuberculosis.
Data findings, interventions and plans for tuberculosis will be detailed. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has a strategic plan for eliminating tuberculosis in the United States. By utilizing surveillance and scientific findings, the CDC uses the information to research new directions to eliminate the disease.
Tuberculosis is a global issue that makes it high on the list for the international public health agenda. Short course chemotherapy is a cost-efficient intervention for tuberculosis recognized globally.Find relevant and reliable medical information on diseases and conditions.
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experience in long term care, infection control, infectious diseases, pharmacy, administration, and public health. The original document was subsequently printed several thousand times, distributed statewide to all long term care facilities and sent by request to over thirty states and Canada.
Communicable Disease Branch page for communicable disease laws and rules. Learn about the N.C. general statutes and administrative rules concerning communicable disease control and reporting. Skip all navigation Skip to page navigation. The common diseases which affect goats and sheep in sub-Saharan countries are helminthosis, peste des petits ruminants, contagious ecthyma, goat/sheep pox, pneumonia, anthrax, blackquarter, footrot, caseous lymphadenitis and.
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HEART DISEASE Heart disease is the general term used to refer to problems that affect one or more components of the human heart. The most common cause of heart disease is the narrowing or blockage of the heart’s arteries which leads to a heart attack.
x On September 26, , history will be made. For the first time ever, the United Nations General Assembly will meet in New York (WHO, a,b) with a specific focus on tuberculosis (TB), which is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide (WHO, ).