Reiner 4 Neuroethics 65 Neuroscience has substantially advanced the understanding of how changes in brain biochemistry contribute to mechanisms of tolerance and physical dependence via exposure to addictive drugs. Promoting a brain disease concept is grounded in beneficent and utilitarian thinking: However such claims may yield unintended consequences by fostering discrimination commonly associated with pathology. Specifically, the language of neuroscience used to describe addiction may reduce attitudes such as blame and responsibility while inadvertently identifying addicted persons as neurobiological others.
The camera pans down to reveal a large planet and its two moons. Suddenly, a tiny Rebel ship flies overhead, pursued, a few moments later, by an Imperial Star Destroyer—an impossibly large ship that nearly fills the frame as it goes on and on seemingly forever.
The effect is visceral and exhilarating. This is, of course, the opening of Star Wars: Episode IV—A New Hopearguably one of the most famous opening shots in cinema history, and rightfully so. Now compare this to the opening of Star Wars: Episode I—The Phantom Menace It opens with some boring pilot asking for permission to land on a ship that looks like a half-eaten donut, with a donut hole in the middle.
The problem, though, is that it may not be the fairest of comparisons. In Menace, a Republic space cruiser flies through space towards the planet Naboo, which is surrounded by Trade Federation Battleships. The captain requests permission to board. On the viewscreen, an alien gives the okay.
The space cruiser then flies towards a battleship and lands in a large docking bay. In the opening of Jedi, an Imperial Shuttle exits the main bay of a Star Destroyer and flies towards the Death Star, which looms over the forest moon of Endor.
The captain requests deactivation of the security shield in order to land aboard the Death Star. Inside the Death Star control room, a controller gives the captain clearance to proceed.
The shuttle then flies towards the Death Star and lands in a large docking bay. As you can see, there are some definite similarities between the two sequences.
And they both consist of a similar series of shots. But, at the same time, there are some clear differences between the sequences. Third, the screen direction is reversed. The Republic cruiser moves across the frame from left to right, the Imperial shuttle moves right to left.
Even some of the camera angles are reversed in a way.Archetypal literary criticism is a type of critical theory that interprets a text by focusing on recurring myths and archetypes (from the Greek archē, "beginning", and typos, "imprint") in the narrative, symbols, images, and character types in literary work.
The Hero with a Thousand Faces (first published in ) is a work of comparative mythology by Joseph Campbell. In this book, Campbell discusses his theory of the mythological structure of the journey of the archetypal hero found in world myths.
The Hero Monomyths of Herkales and Odysseus via Joseph Campbell’s Hero Archetype - The monumental piece of non-fiction work titled “The Hero with a Thousand Faces,” first published in by Joseph Campbell points out an apparent monomyth of the . The MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Law and Neuroscience.
The archetypal hero journey, Joseph Campbell states, is a typical series of heroic actions. Four stages form the hero journey: departure, trials, epiphany, and return (the stages do not necessarily occur consecutive with the listing). Death and resurrection of lifestyle and beliefs, spiritual journey, and finally rebirth form hero journey's motif.
People and ideas systems As outlined by Andrew Roberts of Middlesex University, London.
Introductory sketches of the ideas of theorists, linked to Andrew Roberts' book Social Science History and the Society and Science History caninariojana.comped from a course document "Outline of the theorists we could cover" (February ), the web page was created offline before