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An invasion of participants? Typically, it is not harm that we need to think about since a researcher does not intentionally go out to cause harm. Rather, it is the risk of harm that you should try to minimise. In order to minimising the risk of harm you should think about: Obtaining informed consent from participants.
Protecting the anonymity and confidentiality of participants. Avoiding deceptive practices when designing your research. Providing participants with the right to withdraw from your research at any time.
We discuss each of these ethical principles in the sections that follow, explaining a what they mean and b instances where they should and should not be followed. Simply put, informed consent means that participants should understand that a they are taking part in research and b what the research requires of them.
Such information may include the purpose of the research, the methods being used, the possible outcomes of the research, as well as associated demands, discomforts, inconveniences and risks Writing questionnaire dissertation the participants may face.
Whilst is it not possible to know exactly what information a potential participant would or would not want to know, you should aim not to leave out any material information; that is, information that you feel would influence whether consent would or would not be granted.
Another component of informed consent is the principle that participants should be volunteers, taking part without having been coerced and deceived. Where informed consent cannot be obtained from participants, you must explain why this is the case. You should also be aware that there are instances informed consent is not necessarily needed or needs to be relaxed.
These include certain educational, organisational and naturalistic research settings. We discuss these in more detail under the section: After all, participants will typically only be willing to volunteer information, especially information of a private or sensitive nature, if the researcher agrees to hold such information in confidence.
Whilst it is possible that research participants may be hurt in some way if the data collection methods used are somehow insensitive, there is perhaps a greater danger that harm can be caused once data has been collected. This occurs when data is not treated confidentially, whether in terms of the storage of data, its analysis, or during the publication process i.
However, this does not mean that all data collected from research participants needs to be kept confidential or anonymous. It may be possible to disclose the identity and views of individuals at various stages of the research process from data collection through to publication of your dissertation.
Nonetheless, permissions should be sought before such confidential information is disclosed. An alternative is to remove identifiers e. However, such a stripping of identifiable information may not always be possible to anticipate at the outset of your dissertation when thinking about issues of research ethics.
This is not only a consideration for dissertations following a qualitative research design, but also a quantitative research design [for more information, see the article: Research strategy and research ethics ].
Imagine that your dissertation used a quantitative research design and a survey as your main research method. In the process of analysing your data, it is possible that when examining relationships between variables i. For instance, imagine that you were comparing responses amongst employees within an organisation based on specific age groups.
There may only be a small group or just one employee within a particular age group e. Therefore, you need to consider ways of overcoming such problems, such as:This is an example page.
It’s different from a blog post because it will stay in one place and will show up in your site navigation (in most themes). News and Events. Check out our new EVENTS section to find out about the latest conferences and training opportunities involving members of the EI Consortium..
New Coaching Certification From Dr. Daniel Goleman. After writing about Emotional Intelligence for years, Daniel Goleman is pleased to announce the release of his Emotional Intelligence Coaching Certification Program. In this study, we examined the validity of the measurement model and factor structure of Bass and Avolio's Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) (Form 5X).
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Writing your Dissertation: Methodology From our: Dissertation Writing guide.
A key part of your dissertation or thesis is the methodology. This is not quite the same as ‘methods’. although you will not be able to get the level of detail in qualitative responses to a questionnaire that you could in an interview.